Occurrences at the Time of the Miraculous Birth of the Messenger of Allāh ﷺ

At dawn on 12th Rabīʿ al-Awwal in the Year of the Elephant, the Messenger of Allāh ﷺ was born, and the entire universe was graced by becoming enlightened by his Nūr.

Many extraordinary and marvellous wonders occurred that night, [including the following]:

  • The mother of ʿUthmān ibn Abū al-ʿĀṣ, Fāṭimah bint ʿAbd-Allāh, relates: “I was with Sayyidatunā Āminah RadiyAllahu ‘Anha on the eve of the blessed birth. I saw that the stars had descended and they came so close to the Ḥaram that it seemed as though they had fallen onto the ground.”
  • All of the idols on the face of the earth fell down on their faces. This incident is also mentioned in Zoroastrian history.
  • The flame in Persia that was created by the fire-worshipper Gibrān, which had been maintained for over a thousand years, extinguished.
  • The palace of the emperor of Persia Nūshīrwāñ suffered an earthquake that demolished 14 of its pillars.

Note – In the stars descending upon the earth, there was the indication that all the lights and blessings had been focused upon the earth due the birth of the Messenger of Allāh ﷺ, by which the whole world would become bright and illuminated. The fire being extinguished indicated that fire-worship will be gone because of him ﷺ. The palace of Nūshīrwāṉ suffering an earthquake and 14 of its pillars collapsing was the indication that the Nūshīrwāṉ dynasty was to end. Let it be clear that there was no empire so large on the face of the earth at the time. Thus, there were to be only 14 more emperors and so it was.

The entire empire came under Muslim control in the Khilāfah of Sayyidunā ʿUmar radiyAllāhu ‘Anhu, and the emperor Yazdgard of the dynasty was killed during the Khilāfat of Sayyidunā ʿUthmān radiyAllāhu ‘Anhu, after whom there were no more emperors.

Note – The Messenger of Allāh ﷺ not being born on the day of Jumuʿah or in the month of Ramaḍān or in any other notable or blessed day clears the thought from people’s minds that he ﷺ attained greatness and significance due to the day and month in which he ﷺ was born; rather it is due to him ﷺ that the day and month has attained blessing and significance. It is because of the Messenger of Allāh ﷺ that the month of Rabīʿ al-Awwal and the day of Monday have gained excellence and honour.

Mīlād Gatherings

It is a tradition in the two blessed sanctuaries and the majority of the Muslim nations that Mīlād gatherings are held in the month of Rabīʿ al-Awwal, in which Ṣalawāt are recited abundantly and food is distributed. This practice is a means of blessings and goodness, and a means of increasing love for the Messenger of Allāh ﷺ.

The gathering on 12th Rabīʿ al-Awwal is held in al-Masjid al-Nabawī in al-Madīnah al-Munawwarah, and in Makkah al-Mukarramah at the blessed place where the Messenger of Allāh ﷺ was born.

Shāh Waliy-Allāh Muḥaddith al-Dihlawī Rahmatullāhi ‘Alayh has written in Fuyūḍ al-Ḥaramayn:

“I attended this gathering, which was held in Makkah al-Muʿaẓẓamah at the blessed birthplace of the Messenger of Allāh ﷺ. The blessed birth and the wonderful incidents related to it were being mentioned. I then saw some light arise. I focused on this and came to understand that this was the light of angels who come to such blessed gatherings. As well as this, the blessings and lights of divine Raḥmah came.”

Muslims should arrange and attend Mīlād gatherings in love for the Messenger of Allāh ﷺ. However, the condition is that it be done with sincere intentions, not in ostentation or showiness. Also, authentic and sound narrations should be narrated.

Most people suffice on only poetry recitals in these gatherings, or they narrate unsound narrations. This is not good, and the ʿUlamā’ have also written that the departure of the Messenger of Allāh ﷺ should not be mentioned because the Mīlād gathering is held in joy, it is not fitting to speak about something that invokes sorrow. The Mīlād gatherings in the two blessed sanctuaries do not have any mention of the departure.

Chapter Two of Tawārīkh e Ḥabīb e Ilāh by Muftī ʿInāyat Aḥmad Kākorawī Raḥmatullāhi ʿAlayh