Seerah

Early Islām & The Excellence of Sayyidunā Abū Bakr al-Ṣiddīq RadiyAllahu ‘Anhu

Who was the first person to accept Islām?

Of the free men, the first person to accept Islām was Sayyidunā Abū Bakr al-Ṣiddīq RadiyAllahu ‘Anhu. The first woman to bring faith in the Messenger of Allāh ﷺ was Sayyidatunā Khadījah RadiyAllahu ‘Anha. The first child was Sayyidunā ʿAlī RadiyAllahu ‘Anhu; the first from slaves was Sayyidunā Bilāl RadiyAllahu ‘Anhu; and Sayyidunā Zayd ibn Ḥārithah RadiyAllahu ‘Anhu was the first from the freed slaves. Sayyidunā ʿUthmān al-Ghanī RadiyAllahu ‘Anhu, Sayyidunā Saʿd ibn Abī Waqqās RadiyAllahu ‘Anhu, Sayyidunā Ṭalḥah RadiyAllahu ‘Anhu, Sayyidunā Zubayr RadiyAllahu ‘Anhu and Sayyidunā ʿAbd al-Raḥmān ibn ʿAwf RadiyAllahu ‘Anhu then accepted Islām. After this, more and more people began accepting Islām gradually.

Open Propagation of Islām & the Islām of Sayyidunā Abū Bakr al-Ṣiddīq RadiyAllahu ‘Anhu

Initially, the Messenger of Allāh ﷺ invited people to Islām discreetly. Then the āyah فَاصدَع بِمَا تُؤمَر was revealed, in which there is the command of Allāh ﷻ: “O Beloved, that with which you have been commanded, inform it publicly.” Thus, the Messenger of Allāh ﷺ began preaching Islām and denouncing idol-worship openly. When the kuffār heard the Messenger of Allāh ﷺ denouncing idols, they became arch enemies of the Muslims and began persecuting them.

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The Opening of the Blessed Chest

When the Messenger of Allāh ﷺ became able to walk and he ﷺ had reached the age of two years, he ﷺ began to graze animals. One day, the Messenger of Allāh ﷺ had gone out to rear the animals when two angels came and laid him ﷺ on his back. They opened his blessed chest down to the navel and took out his blessed heart.  They then washed it and filled it with SakīnahSakīnah was something similar to ground medicine, from the angelic realm. The two angels placed the blessed heart back into the chest and sealed it. The Messenger of Allāh ﷺ felt no pain whatsoever during this. However, seeing this, the son of Sayyidatunā Ḥalīmah radiyAllahu ‘Anha became terrified and ran back to his mother. He said to her, “Two men have torn the chest of our Makkan brother.” Sayyidatunā Ḥalīmah rushed to the Messenger of Allāh ﷺ and saw that he ﷺ was sitting and his blessed face had become slightly pale. She asked, “What has happened?” The Messenger of Allāh ﷺ then recounted the entire incident. Sayyidatunā Ḥalīmah returned with him ﷺ to their home, however, she had become worried by this and decided to return him ﷺ to his mother in Makkah al-Muʿaẓẓamah.

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The Miraculous Birth of the Messenger of Allāh ﷺ

Occurrences at the Time of the Miraculous Birth of the Messenger of Allāh ﷺ

At dawn on 12th Rabīʿ al-Awwal in the Year of the Elephant, the Messenger of Allāh ﷺ was born, and the entire universe was graced by becoming enlightened by his Nūr.

Many extraordinary and marvellous wonders occurred that night, [including the following]:

  • The mother of ʿUthmān ibn Abū al-ʿĀṣ, Fāṭimah bint ʿAbd-Allāh, relates: “I was with Sayyidatunā Āminah RadiyAllahu ‘Anha on the eve of the blessed birth. I saw that the stars had descended and they came so close to the Ḥaram that it seemed as though they had fallen onto the ground.”
  • All of the idols on the face of the earth fell down on their faces. This incident is also mentioned in Zoroastrian history.
  • The flame in Persia that was created by the fire-worshipper Gibrān, which had been maintained for over a thousand years, extinguished.
  • The palace of the emperor of Persia Nūshīrwāñ suffered an earthquake that demolished 14 of its pillars.

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